Alternative Green Building Materials
Our regular insulation materials has various types of toxic chemicals, which are mainly put in for properties like fire-resistance. Sheep’s wool, is a minimum-impact, environment-friendly option that helps in improving energy efficiency and soundproofing.
Similar to sheep’s wool, cotton and denim are natural resources, providing excellent insulation properties. As you would’ve probably wondered already, these options are flammable, hence it is treated with a borate solution and flash dried. Cotton might not be as pocket-friendly as the other options.
Aerogel is made from silica. Under high pressure and temperature, the liquid from silica is removed to get aerogel. Aerogel is 90 percent air and heat-resistant, which makes it an excellent option for insulation.
Cellulosic materials, just like cotton, are good choices for insulation. Straw, hemp, sawdust, and newspaper are all such materials. This alternative is cost-effective and energy-efficient.
Also known as heplime, hempcrete is a biocomposite material mixture of lime and hemp hurds. Several countries have legalized this material, given only industrial hemp is used. Make sure to check the rules before you decide on this one.
Rammed earth is a popular choice among green building materials. Fibrous materials like chopped straw and grass are added to materials cob and rammed earth to provide good strength and durability. Rammed earth is used to make building blocks or whole walls in place by ramming the soil into a mold.
Due to its good insulating properties, fire-resistance, and easy availability makes it a popular green building material. Some debate on this one exists related to moisture and mold.
Probably the easiest to think of on this list, stone is a popular choice due to its high thermal mass, durability, low maintenance and versatility. Structures built hundreds of years ago, with stones, still exist without much issues.
This is a great and responsible way to reduce the kind of fresh resources you use for construction. Unlike many other materials we use, reclaimed wood, reduces embodied energy energy and saves landfill space.
Linoleum, like vinyl and cork, is a resilient flooring material. It is made from natural materials like ground limestone, powdered cork, jute and linseed oil.
A natural and renewable option for flooring. Sisal, mountain grass, wool, and seagrass are few options of natural fibers. Being recyclable and biodegradable, these are perfectly environment-friendly as well as energy efficient.
A long time favorite, earthen flooring is an environment-friendly flooring option, with the added benefit of being aesthetically pleasing. Check out our article about earthen floors, what to know and why to consider this option.
From roofing tiles to insulation, recycled plastic provides solution to several issues. The versatility of its function, the durability of the material, especially its composites, are quite exceptional.